If you are planning to write the NCA Foundations of Canadian Law exams in January 2021 and beyond, please note that the NCA has updated its syllabus as of November 2020.  Notably, the text Forcese, Dodek et al, Public Law: Cases, Commentary, and Analysis now has a fourth edition (v previous third edition). About 12 new articles and 5 new cases have been added, while about 8 articles have been deleted, markedly from chapters 2 and 10.  All articles relating to Bill C- 262 in Chapter 2 have been deleted. Chapter 10 saw all but 1 article replaced by new ones.

It is the responsibility of students to obtain the most UpToDate version of the syllabus. The NCA retains the right to update its syllabus at anytime without notice. Details of the syllabus as of November 2020 can be obtained on https://nca.legal/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Foundations-2021-.pdf. NCA Guides remains committed to guiding students through the NCA process.

You can register for our intensive classes here.

Below are highlight of some the changes that were made:






















Chapter 1




   New articles




Robin Maynard, “Arrested (In)justice: From the streets to the prison” in Policing Black Lives: State Violence in Canada from Slavery to the Present (Fernwood Publishing, 2017) https://ocpm.qc.ca/sites/ocpm.qc.ca/files/pdf/P100/8-38_robyn_maynard.pdf






























Chapter 2


























   New articles












 1.      Naiomi Walqwan Metallic, “A Human Right to Self-Government over First Nations Child and Family Services and Beyond: Implications of the Caring Society Case.” (2018) 28 Journal of Law and Social Policy 41: https://digitalcommons.osgoode.yorku.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1337&context=jlsp

2.      Brenda L. Gunn, “Implementing the UN Declaration through Domestic Legislation: A Canadian Example” in UNDRIP Implementation, Comparative Approaches, Indigenous Voices from CANZUS (2020) at p.67: www.cigionline.org/sites/default/files/documents/UNDRIPIII_web_mar27.pdf

3.      Scott Carrière, “Whose Sovereignty is it Anyway? The Borders of Aboriginal Rights along the Sovereign Borders of Canada” (January 20, 2020): https://ablawg.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Blog_SC_Desautel.pdf





New cases






1.      The Queen v Richard Lee Desautel, 2019 BCCA 151

2.      Newfoundland and Labrador (Attorney General) v. Uashaunnuat (Innu of Uashat and of Mani Utenam), 2020 SCC 4






Deletion of articles



All articles relating to Bill C-262 have been deleted  










 Chapter 3











Addition of articles






1.      Catherine Valcke, “Quebec Civil Law and Canadian Federalism” (1996) 21 Yale J. of International Law, 67-121: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/628f/ac137bb28dd8f340623479421a81d71b5505.pdf

2.      Claire L’Heureux-Dube,“The Dissenting Opinion: Voice of the Future?” Osgoode Hall Law Journal 38.3 (2000): 495-517. https://digitalcommons.osgoode.yorku.ca/ohlj/vol38/iss3/4





New cases





Hill v. Church of Scientology of Toronto, [1995] 2 SCR 1130









Chapter 4





Addition of articles





Alyn James Johnson, “The Judges Reference and the Secession Reference at Twenty: Reassessing the Supreme Court of Canada’s Unfinished Unwritten Constitutional Principles Project”, 2019 56-4 Alberta Law Review 1077: www.canlii.org/t/skqd











Chapter 7






New articles







Lorne Sossin, “The Puzzle of Independence and Parliamentary Democracy in the Common Law World” in Susan Rose-Ackerman et al, Comparative Administrative Law, 2nd ed., (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017) https://law.yale.edu/sites/default/files/area/conference/compadmin/compadmin16_sossin _puzzle.pdf













Chapter 8








New articles








Eszter Bodnár, “What Can the World Learn from Canada, What Can Canada Learn from the World?” (2017) Elte Law Journal: https://eltelawjournal.hu/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/09_Bodnar.pdf


















Chapter 10











New articles











1.      Mary Liston, “Transubstantiation in Canadian Public Law: Processing Substance and Instantiating Process” in John Bell et al, eds, Public Law Adjudication in Common Law Systems: Process and Substance (Oxford: Hart, 2016) 213: https://commons.allard.ubc.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1214&context=fac_pubs

2.      Paul Daly, “Vavilov Hits the Road”: https://www.administrativelawmatters.com/blog/2020/02/04/vavilov-hits-the-road/

3.      Cristie Ford, “Vavilov, Rule of Law Pluralism, and What Really Matters” (Apr. 27, 2020): www.administrativelawmatters.com/blog/2020/04/27/vavilov-rule-of-law-pluralism-andwhat-really-matters-cristie-ford/



    Addition of cases 1.      Shuttleworth v. Ontario (Safety, Licensing Appeals and Standards Tribunals), 2019 ONCA 518


2.      Highwood Congregation of Jehovah’s Witnesses (Judicial Committee) v. Wall, 2018 SCC 26

    Deletion of articles 3.      All previous articles have basically been deleted and replaced with new ones